AUDRAN, Claude III
(b. 1658, Lyon, d. 1734, Paris)
Painter, part of a French family of artists who trained with his uncles. He was solely a decorative artist, specializing in painted panelling, harpsichord cases and so on; he was, however, able to renew the genre with his arabesques, grotesques and singeries. He became a master in 1692 as 'painter, sculptor, engraver and decorator'. Payments document the variety of his talents: designing tapestries, painting on glass, executing a 'feu d'artifice', and gilding gondolas for the canal at Fontainebleau. In 1704 he was appointed keeper of the Luxembourg, but continued to be much occupied as a general decorator and designer. He worked at Versailles, Anet, Marly, Sceaux, Meudon and La Muette. He also made many tapestry cartoons for the Gobelins, including the Douze mois grotesques (1699) and the Portieres des dieux. Among his very last work was that in 1733 for the Duchesse de Maine at Anet, where he had first been employed some time before 1698.
His decorations are now known mainly through his many drawings, a large collection of which is in the Nationalmuseum, Stockholm. His style influenced the decorators of the Régence. Watteau was one of his pupils. Nowadays Claude III is most usually thought of in connection with Watteau, but he is a significant phenomenon in his own right.