Representations of Venus and Lucretia
by Lucas CRANACH the Elder

Venus with Cupid the Honey Thief was painted at least in fifteen versions by Cranach. Although Dürer was also aware of the subject, its circulation in the form of a panel painting became a speciality of the Cranach workshop.

In a few cases Cranach featured Venus as a single figure. The small painting in Frankfurt is perhaps the most exquisite of Cranach's depictions of Venus, it inspired many artists even in the twentieth century.

Of all secular subjects he treated, Cranach painted the suicide of Lucretia the most frequently, in almost 40 versions. At first he showed her only rarely as a pure nude, either half- or full-length, usually, as the daughter of a Roman nobleman, she appeared in a magnificent costume. However, after about twenty years, he increasingly favoured the nude version.

Preview Picture Data File Info Comment
Venus and Cupid
1509
Oil on canvas transferred from wood, 213 x 102 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

925*2000
True Color
172 Kb



Venus and Cupid
c. 1520
Wood
University Art Museum, Princeton

800*2123
True Color
138 Kb



Venus and Cupid
1525
Oil on panel, 39 x 26 cm
Private collection

566*900
True Color
56 Kb



Cupid Complaining to Venus
1526-27
Oil on wood, 81 x 55 cm
National Gallery, London

780*1123
True Color
190 Kb



Venus with Cupid Stealing Honey
1529
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 39 x 25 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1000*1571
True Color
168 Kb



Venus Standing in a Landscape
1529
Oil on wood, 38 x 25 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

900*1398
True Color
216 Kb



Venus Standing in a Landscape (detail)
1529
Oil on wood
Musée du Louvre, Paris

630*1316
True Color
188 Kb



Venus Standing in a Landscape (detail)
1529
Oil on wood
Musée du Louvre, Paris

522*870
True Color
77 Kb



Venus and Cupid
c. 1530
Linden panel, 167 x 62 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

638*1800
True Color
106 Kb



Venus and Cupid
1531
Oil on canvas, 176 x 80 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels

603*1345
True Color
93 Kb



Venus and Cupid with a Honeycomb
c. 1531
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 169 x 67 cm
Galleria Borghese, Rome

800*1960
True Color
156 Kb



Venus
1532
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 38 x 25 cm
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt

1012*1600
True Color
165 Kb



Venus (detail)
1532
Oil and tempera on red beechwood
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt

1000*1359
True Color
156 Kb



Lucretia
1525-30
Oil and tempera on limewood, 42 x 28 cm
Staatliche Museen, Kassel

1000*1427
True Color
164 Kb



Lucretia
c. 1524
Lime panel
Alte Pinakothek, Munich

360*1000
True Color
62 Kb



Lucretia
1532
Oil and tempera on red beechwood, 38 x 25 cm
Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna

1144*1700
True Color
140 Kb



Lucretia
1533
Red beechwood panel, 37 x 24 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

850*1387
True Color
91 Kb




Summary of works by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Paintings
altar retables | representations of the Virgin | St Jerome
religious themes until 1515 | from 1516
biblical scenes | biblical nudes
mythological nudes | Venus and Lucretia | allegorical scenes
portraits until 1515 | 1516-1526 | from 1527
miscellaneous paintings
Graphics
drawings | woodcuts