HOBBEMA, Meyndert
(b. 1638, Amsterdam, d. 1709, Amsterdam)

Wooded Landscape with Water Mill

1662-1664
Oil on canvas, 81 x 110 cm
Art Institute, Chicago

Hobbema's favoured motifs are sunny forest scenes opened by roads and glistening ponds, fairly flat landscapes with scattered tree groups, and water mills. He had a special love for the last named subject; almost three dozen paintings of his water mills are known. None of his contemporaries painted as many. It was his teacher Jacob van Ruisdael who first made the motif the principal subject of landscapes. The overshot water mill that figures in Hobbema's characteristic landscape was the type found in the eastern province of Gelderland that flanks the German border.