Paintings between 1636 and 1640
by VELÁZQUEZ

Dwarfs, fools and jesters were present in large numbers at the Court of Philip IV. They were maintained by the King according to a tradition extending back well into the Middle Ages. Velázquez shows human nature in all its diversity when he presents the gallery of this strange class of society, with perfect honesty, never mocking or caricature them. Between 1636 and 1640 he painted the buffoons Pablo de Valladolid and Barbarroja, the dwarfs Calabacillas and Don Antonio el Inglés.

Velázquez demonstrates comparable briliance as a portraitist in imaginary subjects in the lively, amussing images of the philosopher Menippus and the classical author of animal fables, Aesop. These were painted at the end of the 1630s for the Torre de la Parada.

Suggested listening (streaming mp3, 9 minutes):
Antonio Vivaldi: Sonata in D minor RV 62 op. 1 No. 12 (La Follia)


Preview Picture Data File Info Comment
Prince Baltasar Carlos with the Count-Duke of Olivares at the Royal Mews
c. 1636
Oil on canvas, 144 x 96,5 cm
Collection of the Duke of Westminster, London

950*1426
True Color
166 Kb



Prince Baltasar Carlos with the Count-Duke of Olivares at the Royal Mews (detail)
c. 1636
Oil on canvas
Collection of the Duke of Westminster, London

850*1061
True Color
166 Kb



Prince Baltasar Carlos with the Count-Duke of Olivares at the Royal Mews (detail)
c. 1636
Oil on canvas
Collection of the Duke of Westminster, London

550*874
True Color
51 Kb



The Buffoon Pablo de Valladolid
1636-37
Oil on canvas, 214 x 125 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

712*1200
True Color
124 Kb



The Dwarf Don Juan Calabazas, called Calabacillas
1637-39
Oil on canvas, 106 x 83 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

820*1084
True Color
86 Kb



The Buffoon Don Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia (Barbarroja)
1637-40
Oil on canvas, 200 x 121 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

650*1098
True Color
66 Kb



The Buffoon Don Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia (detail)
1637-40
Oil on canvas
Museo del Prado, Madrid

750*936
True Color
139 Kb



Court Dwarf Don Antonio el Inglés
c. 1640-42
Oil on canvas, 142 x 107 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

660*891
True Color
71 Kb



Portrait of Don Gaspar de Guzman y Pimental, Count-Duke of Olivares
c. 1638
Oil on canvas, 67 x 55 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

1200*1408
True Color
130 Kb



Aesop
1639-41
Oil on canvas, 179 x 94 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

650*1296
True Color
93 Kb



Menippus
1639-41
Oil on canvas, 179 x 94 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

650*1314
True Color
94 Kb



The Needlewoman
c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 74 x 60 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington

829*1027
True Color
144 Kb



Don Baltasar Carlos
c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 128,5 x 99 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

536*700
True Color
93 Kb



Mars, God of War
c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 179 x 95 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

705*1400
True Color
114 Kb



Self-Portrait
c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 46 x 38 cm
Museo de Bellas Artes, Valencia

700*843
True Color
59 Kb



Lady with a Fan
c. 1640
Oil on canvas, 95 x 70 cm
Wallace Collection, London

904*1220
True Color
141 Kb




Summary of paintings by Velázquez
until 1620 | 1621-1630 | 1631-1635
Surrender of Breda | Equestrian portraits
Las Meninas | Las Hilanderas
1636-1640 | 1641-1650 | 1651-1660