MASTERS, unknown Italian painters: Frescoes in Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent
(1391-1407)

An exceptional secular fresco cycle of the Months (only eleven from the twelve) survived in the Castello del Buonconsiglio in Trent. The eleven panels fill the walls of a room illuminated by two windows, one on the east end and one on the west. The room takes up the third floor of the Eagle's Tower (Torre Aquila), at one time part of Trent's defences. The dimension of the room is 6 x 5,8 m. The height of the frescoes is 3 m, the draped fabric painted below replaces the original wainscoting, which was painted with a sequence of niches.

The pictures of the months in the Eagle's Tower constitute the only such cycle to survive from the early fifteenth century. The scenes have much in common with the sorts of pictures found in Gobelins and in miniature painting. One of the sources for the depictions of everyday life presented in the cycle was a medical textbook, the Tacuinum sanitatis.

Under Georg von Liechtenstein (1360-1419), who was the bishop and temporal ruler of the diocese of Trent between 1390 until his death, the Eagle's Tower, along with the smaller Falcon's Tower, was incorporated into the episcopal palace, the Castel Vecchio. They were connected to the palace by the parapet walks of the city wall, at that time unroofed. (The Castle of Trent was depicted in 1497 by a Dürer's watercolour.)

In the 16th century and later the frescoes were restored and the room decoration was altered. The installation of a wooden spiral stair connecting the three upper floors of tower destroyed the scene of March.

Preview Picture Data Info
View of the east wall (January and February)
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


April (detail)
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


April and May
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


May (detail)
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


May (detail)
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


June
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


July (detail)
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


View of the west wall (July and August)
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


August (detail)
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


September and October
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


View of the north wall
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent


November and December
1391-1407
Fresco
Eagle's Tower, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trent



Unknown Italian masters
Painters
11th-13th centuries | 14th century (1) | 14th century (2)
Frescoes in the Sancta Sanctorum (1270s)
Frescoes in the Eagle's Tower, Trent (c. 1400)
Frescoes in Santa Catarina, Galatina (1400s)
Frescoes in the Castello Challant, Issogne (1489-1502)
15th century | 16th century | 17th century
Sculptors
8th-10th centuries | 11th-14th centuries | 15th-18th centuries
Florentine Grand Ducal workshops


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