JONES, Inigo
(b. 1573, London, d. 1652, London)

Biography

English architect, designer, and painter. During his lifetime Inigo Jones was celebrated as a designer of entertainments for the courts of James I and Charles I, but his posthumous reputation rests largely on his architectural projects. One of the first Englishmen to intensely study the architecture of ancient Rome and that of the Italian classical architects, Jones created his own rigorous interpretation of the classical language of architecture. His influence was curtailed by the English Civil War, but enjoyed a great revival among 18th-century Palladian architects. Important projects include the Banqueting House in Whitehall, the Queen's Chapel at St James's Palace, and a tower and portico at Old St. Peter's.