NIEULANDT, Adriaen van, the Younger
(b. 1587, Antwerpen, d. 1658, Amsterdam)


Painter, draughtsman, engraver and broker, member of a Dutch family of artists of Flemish origin. The family can be traced back as far as Jacob van Nijeulandt, who is recorded as a citizen of Antwerp in 1561. One of his four children, Willem van Nieulandt (1533-96), married Adriana Nouts (d 1608), and they had three sons: Willem van Nieulandt I (1560-1626), Joris van Nieulandt (1561-1626) and Adriaen van Nieulandt (d 1603). Willem I was the first artist in the family. A painter and draughtsman, he lived and worked in Rome, where he was known as Guglielmo Terranova and where he became a member of the Accademia di S Luca in 1604. His brother Adriaen was a pedlar and pen merchant and moved to Amsterdam with his family in 1589, probably because they were Calvinists. Adriaen's sons, Willem van Nieulandt II, Adriaen van Nieulandt the Younger and Jacob van Nieulandt, all became painters.

Adriaen van Nieulandt the Younger was a pupil of Pieter Isaacsz. and Frans Badens (1571-1618) in Amsterdam. Unlike his brother, he apparently did not travel. In 1628 Adriaen was installed as a broker; he also valued works of art. Among his documented commissions were 11 paintings on copper for the chapel of King Christian IV of Denmark in Frederiksborg Castle near Hillerod (destroyed by fire, 1859). He specialized in landscapes and interiors with secular and biblical incidental characters.