NIEULANDT, Willem van, the Younger
(b. 1584, Antwerpen, d. ca. 1635, Amsterdam)
Painter, engraver and writer, member of a Dutch family of artists of Flemish origin. The family can be traced back as far as Jacob van Nijeulandt, who is recorded as a citizen of Antwerp in 1561. One of his four children, Willem van Nieulandt (1533-96), married Adriana Nouts (d 1608), and they had three sons: Willem van Nieulandt I (1560-1626), Joris van Nieulandt (1561-1626) and Adriaen van Nieulandt (d 1603). Willem I was the first artist in the family. A painter and draughtsman, he lived and worked in Rome, where he was known as Guglielmo Terranova and where he became a member of the Accademia di S Luca in 1604. His brother Adriaen was a pedlar and pen merchant and moved to Amsterdam with his family in 1589, probably because they were Calvinists. Adriaen's sons, Willem van Nieulandt II, Adriaen van Nieulandt the Younger and Jacob van Nieulandt, all became painters.
Willem van Nieulandt II (the Younger) was a painter, engraver and writer. In 1594 he was apprenticed to Jacob Savery in Amsterdam. In 1601-02 van Nieulandt left for Rome, where he went to live with his uncle Willem van Nieulandt I, who was also his teacher. Later Willem II entered the studio of Paul Bril. In 1604 he left Rome, lived briefly in Amsterdam and then moved to Antwerp, where he became a master in the Guild of St Luke in 1605. On 28 February 1606 he married Anna Hustaert in Amsterdam; the couple had several children, including Catharina, who married the painter Adriaen van Utrecht in 1628. Van Nieulandt spent the final years of his life in Amsterdam, where he drew up his will on 24 October 1635 and probably died shortly afterwards.