KONINCK, Philips
(b. 1619, Amsterdam, d. 1688, Amsterdam)


Philips Koninck (or de Koninck), Dutch painter, the best-known member of a family of artists. He studied with his brother Jacob (1614/15-after 1690) in Rotterdam, and Houbraken says he was also a pupil of Rembrandt in Amsterdam, where he settled in 1641. Although he painted various subjects (the poet Vondel praised his portraits and history pictures) his fame now rests on his landscapes. He specialized in extensive views, and his work has a majesty and power that rivals the similar scenes of Ruisdael; the National Gallery in London has four outstanding examples. Like many Dutch painters he had a second occupation; he ran a prosperous shipping firm and evidently painted little in the last decade of his life. His wealth enabled him to collect drawings. He was a prolific draughtsman himself and his sketchy penmanship can be deceptively close to Rembrandt's.

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