MERIAN, Matthäus the Elder
(b. 1593, Basel, d. 1650, Schwalbach)


Matthäus Merian the Elder, Swiss engraver and draftsman, one of the most important copperplate engravers and publishers of the 17th century. He first learned the glass painting craft, but soon turned to etching. It has been proved that he was Dietmar Meyer's apprentice in Zurich from 1610, but in 1611 he was already working for the Duke of Lotharingia. From 1612 to 1615 Merian was working for the French court before he returned to Basel. After trips to Swabia, Augsburg and maybe Nuremberg, Merian began to work for Jan Theodor de Bry's (died 1623) publishing company in Oppenheim, and later became his son-in-law. Together with de Bry, Merian subsequently worked in Heidelberg for 2 years, before he returned to Basel with his family in 1620.

After moving to Frankfurt in 1624 Merian mainly worked in the publishing business and focused his etching on cover illustrations for the books he published, several fliers and paintings for the Habsburg royal family. He produced, with help from assistants, numerous engravings of battles and hunts, and topographic prints of European towns. Merian became famous for the cityscapes he produced for Martin Zeiler's 'Topographia Germaniae' from 1640, which have a high documentary value. For the first 12 volumes he produced 1012 copperplate engravings based on his own and other drafts. His illustrations for 'Theatrum Europaeum' (5 volumes with 545 copperplate engravings) are also very famous. After his death, both works were carried on by his sons Matthäus the Younger and Kaspar (1627-86). In his second marriage he also fathered the famous plant and insect painter Maria Sibylla Merian.

Matthäus Merian the Younger, the son of Matthäus the Elder was a Swiss portrait and historical painter, pupil of van Dyck, worked throughout Europe. He is best represented by Martyrdom of St Lawrence (cathedral, Bamberg) and a portrait of his sister, the artist Maria Sibylla Merian (Basel).

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