RAUCH, Christian Daniel
(b. 1777, Arolsen, d. 1857, Dresden)
German sculptor. He was the leading German figure sculptor of the first half of the 19th century, with influence continuing beyond this time through his many pupils. His initially severe classical style was partially adapted to meet the increasing demand for realism in both appearance and mood. However, in the heroic and noble conception of his subjects, Rauch persisted in demonstrating the relevance of Classical ideals to modern concerns.
After studying in Rome (1804-11 and again later), where his work was influenced by Thorvaldsen, he achieved a reputation as an outstanding sculptor of tombs, monuments, and portraits. His major works include monuments to Queen Louise, Emperor Alexander of Russia, and Frederick the Great (Berlin). The latter, Rauch's chief work, is a colossal bronze equestrian statue of Frederick on a pedestal, with groups of generals and soldiers and with bas-reliefs depicting various scenes from his life.