SABLET, Jean-François
(b. 1745, Morges, Vaud, d. 1819, Nantes)


French painter, part of a family of artists of Swiss origin. Jean-François Sablet and Jacques-Henri Sablet were sons of the painter and picture dealer Jacob Sablet (1720-1798). They both studied at the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in Paris as pupils of Joseph-Marie Vien, Jean-François in 1768-73 and Jacques-Henri in 1772-75. Although their careers did not follow a similar course, the attribution of their works has frequently been confused.

Among Jean-François Sablet's early portraits are those of Charles de Bourbon, Comte d'Artois, as Colonel General of the Swiss and Grison Guards (1774; ex-Bourbon-Chalus Collection, Paris) and Charles-Henri, Comte d'Estaing (untraced). He also painted genre scenes, such as Childhood in the Country and Visit to the Wet-nurse (both untraced), and mythological scenes (e.g. Stockholm, Nationalmuseum). In 1791 he left Paris for Rome to join his brother. While there he concentrated on landscapes, also depicting people in local costume.

In February 1793 he was obliged to leave Rome with the rest of the French community and by October was in Paris as a member of the Revolutionary Commune des Arts. He produced a number of Revolutionary portraits, including Joseph-Agricol Viala, William Tell and Lycurgus (all untraced), but spent most of his time quietly in Normandy. In 1802 he worked in Paris for the printmakers Francesco Piranesi (1758-1810) and his brother Pietro Piranesi (1773-after 1807), the sons of Giovanni Battista Piranesi. In 1805 he established himself in Nantes, producing small-scale portraits of the city's notables with sometimes scathing sincerity. In 1812 he decorated the Bourse in Nantes with six large grisailles depicting the Visit of Napoleon to Nantes in 1808 (untraced).

© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.