(b. ca. 1525, Ticino, d. 1597, Praha)

Exterior view

Castle, Litomysl

The Litomysl Castle is an outstanding example of an arcaded Renaissance country residence, a type of structure first invented in Italy and then developed in the Czech Lands to create a mature form with special architectural value. Situated at an important communications junction on the main route between Bohemia and Moravia, in the Pardubice region, Litomysl was a fortified centre on the hill where the castle now stands.

The work on the Renaissance building began in 1568 under the supervision of Giovanni Battista Aostalli, who was soon joined by his brother Ulrico Aostalli. Most of the work had been completed by 1580. The castle interior underwent alterations between 1792 and 1796, based on the designs of Jan Krystof Habich, but he was careful to preserve the fine building's Renaissance appearance with impressive gables.

The castle is a four-winged, three-storeyed structure with an asymmetrical disposition. The western wing is the largest, whereas the southern wing is a two-storeyed arcaded gallery, closing the second square courtyard (a feature that is unique to Litomysl). The groin-vaulted arcading continues around the western and eastern sides of the courtyard. The south-eastern corner of the eastern wing contains the castle chapel.