CAFFA, Melchiore
(b. 1635, Vittoriosa, d. 1667, Roma)

St Rose of Lima

1665
Marble, life-size
Saő Domengo, Lima

Rose of Lima was the first saint canonized from the Americas. Caffa shows an angel comforting the dying Rose, who wore a spiked, metal crown and suffered privations in imitation of the medieval Dominican, St Catherine of Siena. A highly emotive work, St Rose of Lima is notable because it was the first work to depict a saint dying, and undoubtedly influenced subsequent works like Bernini's Blessed Ludovica Albertoni, or analogous paintings by Carlo Maratta and others.