(b. ca. 1502, Firenze, d. 1593, Espana)

The Martyrdom of St Maurice

Oil on canvas, 540 x 288 cm
Monasterio de San Lorenzo, El Escorial

Although declined to place El Greco's Martyrdom of St Maurice on the altar of the Escorial church, for which it had originally been intended. Instead, he had a new painting on the same subject executed by Romulo Cincinnato. Since both works have survived, we can gain a good idea of the king's points of criticism. Surprisingly, there is a great conformance between the two pictures in terms of composition, so we may assume that Cincinnato was asked follow El Greco's model. A difference, on the other hand, is seen in Cincinnato's stronger emphasis on the execution scene, which has been brought into the foreground.