CRANACH, Lucas the Elder
(b. 1472, Kronach, d. 1553, Weimar)

Martin Luther as an Augustinian Monk in a Doctoral Hat

c. 1520
Oil and tempera on wood, 40 x 27 cm
Private collection

The painting can be dated around 1520, the date 1517 in the top left corner is a later addition. The underdrawing of the portrait is extremely detailed, suggesting that it was drawn directly from the subject during a portrait sitting.