(b. 1661, London, d. 1736, London)

Exterior view

begun 1729
Mausoleum, Castle Howard, North Yorkshire

The mausoleum, built by Hawksmoor on 1729 as the Howard family tomb was to be a seminal structure for the romantic movement. After discarding the initial designs which were closely modeled on antiquity, he constructed a round temple with Doric capitals based on Bramante's Tempietto in San Pietro in Montorio in Rome. The picturesque building sited on higher ground embodies in a unique manner the dramatic creative power of English architecture.