HAWKSMOOR, Nicholas
(b. 1661, London, d. 1736, London)

Exterior view

begun 1729
Photo
Mausoleum, Castle Howard, North Yorkshire

The mausoleum, built by Hawksmoor on 1729 as the Howard family tomb was to be a seminal structure for the romantic movement. After discarding the initial designs which were closely modeled on antiquity, he constructed a round temple with Doric capitals based on Bramante's Tempietto in San Pietro in Montorio in Rome. The picturesque building sited on higher ground embodies in a unique manner the dramatic creative power of English architecture.