HEADE, Martin Johnson
(b. 1819, Lumberville, 1904, Saint Augustine)

Spouting Rock, Newport

Oil on canvas, 64 x 127 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

Newport was a favourite location with the East Coast painters. They were attracted to the beauty of the landscape, which they began to paint from life. Heade's painting is one of the most representative examples of Luminism, a style which emerged in the 1860s within American landscape painting. The term describes the work of a number of artists who, although they did not form a specific group or school, all produced a type of landscape painting devoted to rivers or coastal scenes and based on the effects of light. Alongside Heade, Lane was another important Luminist.