(b. 1797, Grossbadegast bei Köthen, d. 1857, Berlin)
Portrait of Emperor Nicholas I1852
Oil on canvas, 94 x 72 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg
Nicholas I (1796-1855), Russian emperor (182555), is often considered the personification of classic autocracy; for his reactionary policies, he has been called the emperor who froze Russia for 30 years. He was the founder of the Imperial Hermitage as a public museum.