(b. 1452, Vinci, d. 1519, Cloux, near Amboise)

Study of battles on horseback and on foot

Pen and ink on paper, 160 x 152 mm
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice

The upper small sketch shows the turmoil of battle in a scene the dynamism and harmony of which is an intimation of the final composition of the Battle of Anghiari, the fight for the standard. Here, however, a furious battle on horseback is still shown. The later solution condenses the events to a close combat fight. Beneath this, in several sketches of figures, Leonardo tested fighting movements that can be regarded as studies for foot soldiers.