LEONARDO da Vinci
(b. 1452, Vinci, d. 1519, Cloux, near Amboise)

Landscape near Pisa

1502-03
Red chalk on paper, 211 x 150 mm
Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid

This drawing depicts a precisely identifiable range of hills in the Pisa mountains near Cascina. This topographical record should be regarded as a preparation for a map of a canal project which Leonardo developed for the Florentine Signoria. The intention was to create a navigable trade route from Florence to the ocean.