LISBOA, Antonio Francisco
(b. ca. 1738, Vila Rica, d. 1814, Vila Rica)
Christ Carrying the Cross1796-99
Sanctuary of Congonhas do Campo, Brazil
At the end of the Baroque era, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, the greatest artist was a mulatto architect and sculptor. A strange disease that caused the shriveling of his hands and feet earned him the nickname of o Aleijadinho (the little cripple). He built churches, carved altarpieces, and created wood and stone sculptures. The polychromed wood Stations of the Cross in the sanctuary of Congonhas do Campo were carved between 1796 and 1799. These images of Christ are the last great renderings of this theme of the Passion, which had inspired masterpieces for so many centuries.