(b. ca. 1400, Meersburg am Bodensee, d. 1451, Köln)

Martyrdom of the Apostles Altarpiece (interior left wing)

Oil on panel, 120 x 80 cm
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt

Around 1435, the Cologne Brotherhood of Saint Catherine commissioned Stephan Lochner to produce an altarpiece for their confraternity's chapel in the church of the Holy Apostles. The inner wings represent the martyrdom of the twelve apostles. On the left wing the martyrdoms of Sts Peter, Paul, Andrew, John the Evangelist, James the Greater and Bartholomew, while on the right wing those of Sts Thomas, Phillip, James the Less, Matthew, Simon, Judas and Matthias are depicted. The outer panels (today in Munich) show a pair of smaller donors kneeling in prayer before six patron saints.