PACETTI, Vincenzo
(b. 1746, Castel Bolognese, d. 1820, Roma)


Marble, 120 x 142 cm
Galleria Borghese, Rome

Pacetti's four marble reliefs representing the deities related to Homer's Iliad, Jupiter, Apollo, Mars, and Venus, form part of the decoration of the room of Helen and Paris (Stanza di Elena e Paride) in the Villa Borghese (which houses the Galleria Borghese). The decorative program of the room contains unusual episodes connected with the Iliad.

The figures on the reliefs are accompanied by their attributes: armor for mars, eagle and lightning bolt for Jupiter, tripod and lyre for Apollo, and Cupid for Venus.