PISANO, Giovanni
(b. ca. 1250, Pisa, d. 1314, Pisa)

Nativity

1302-10
Marble
Cathedral, Pisa

In this relief on the pulpit an entire landscape is described in detail. Sheep browse and dogs rest, the shepherds stand, and trees and bushes grow upon a hilly ground plane that is fully visible. This effort to achieve a new, pictorial landscape, all-embracing in its realism, is remarkable.

Suggested listening (streaming mp3, 9 minutes):
13th-century Organum