(b. 1494, Pontormo, d. 1557, Firenze)
Punishment of the Baker1515-18
Oil on wood, 58 x 50 cm
National Gallery, London
The painting belongs to the series of four entitled Scenes from the Life of Joseph the Hebrew, now in the National Gallery, London. These works, together with others by Andrea del Sarto, Francesco Granacci, Bachiacca and Franciabigio, were intended for the decoration of the nuptial chamber of Francesco Borgherini and Margherita Acciaioli, who married in 1515. The group of fourteen paintings, broken up at the end of the 16th century, was contained within a wooden decoration made by Baccio d'Agnolo.
In the Punishment of the Baker, as in the Joseph Being Sold to Potiphar, the artist uses the arrangement of figures to guide the onlooker's gaze from the foreground towards the background of the painting. In the latter the action follows a serpentine course, in the former a zigzagging one. From the pardon of the cup-bearer, newly admitted to serving the pharaoh, the various stages of the baker's punishment are simultaneously represented.