(b. 1504/05, ?, d. 1567, Linz)

Archduchess Maria with Her Elder Daughter Maria Eleonore

c. 1555
Oil on canvas
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

As the court painter of Ferdinand I, Jacob Seisenegger dominated the evolution of the representative portrait in Austria over the course of many decades, from 1530 to 1560. The portraits of Ferdinand I and his numerous children either originated from Seisenegger himself or refer to the portrait types and formats that he coined. Seisenegger followed Italian, and above all Venetian, models.