(b. 1664, London, d. 1726, London)

Exterior view

Castle Howard, North Yorkshire

From 1699 John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor were commissioned to build Castle Howard, a country seat in New Yorkshire, by the Earl of Carlisle. The complex, between courtyard and garden, consists of corridor-like living quarters. their centre the salon, opening onto the garden, is balanced on the side of the courtyard by the great square hall. This has the effect of a religious space, with its abbreviated transept and the mighty tambour and dome that had never been seen before in English secular architecture.

The picture shows the entrance. The façade, with its alternating twin giant Doric pilasters and double window axes is highly original.