VELÁZQUEZ, Diego Rodriguez de Silva y
(b. 1599, Sevilla, d. 1660, Madrid)

Infanta Margarita

Oil on canvas, 70 x 59 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

Maria Margarita (1651-1673) was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his second wife Mariana of Austria. She was betrothed as a child to her maternal uncle and paternal cousin, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. After giving birth to six children and weakened by many miscarriages, she died at the age of twenty-one. She is a central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez.

The painting represents the Infanta at the age of four. The inscription at the top of the painting is a later addition. The attribution to Velázquez is debated, the contribution of the workshop is assumed.