ZULOAGA Y ZABALETA, Ignacio
(b. 1870, Eibar, d. 1945, Madrid)

Celestina

1906
Oil on canvas
Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid

The Basque painter Zuloaga regularly spent periods in Paris, over a number of years, with the result that native Spanish influences and those of French Impressionism and Symbolism blended in his style in a quite distinctive way. Though he admired Impressionist art, he nevertheless soon returned in his own paintings to a crisper, more austere style schooled on the Spanish tradition. His dynamic control of line in paintings such as Celestina reminds us of his formidable draughtsmanship skills. The emphasis on line and open space, the strong chiaroscuro tendency, and the treatment of the subject, all suggest the presence of Toulouse-Lautrec and Manet.