AVERCAMP, Dutch family of painters and draughtsmen
In 1586 the Avercamp family moved to Kampen, where Hendrick's father had been appointed a pharmacist. Hendrick was deaf-mute from birth, and throughout his life was commonly known by his nickname 'de Stom', or 'de Stomme' (Dutch: 'the mute'). It is generally assumed that he was a pupil of the history and portrait painter Pieter Isaacsz., in whose house in Amsterdam he was presumably living in 1607. During this period of training in Amsterdam Avercamp must have come across the work of Flemish landscape painters, including Hans Bol, Gillis van Coninxloo and David Vinckboons. Barend (or Barent) Avercamp was the nephew and pupil of Hendrick Avercamp whose style he consistently continued. He lived in Kampen for most of his life.