BRYULLOV, Russian family of artists of German origin
The family included various artists and craftsmen and settled in Russia in the 18th century. The brothers Aleksandr Bryullov and Karl Bryullov were its most notable members. Aleksandr was one of the originators and leaders of Romanticism and historicism in Russian architecture. Karl briefly became one of the most famous painters in Europe, largely on account of his huge history painting of the Last Day of Pompeii (1830–32; St Petersburg, Russian Museum); he also produced genre, religious and portrait works. Though much criticized later in the century, he was an outstanding representative of the academic style as combined with a personal response to Romanticism.