HAMILTON, Scottish family of painters, active in Central Europe
The Scottish still-life painter James Hamilton (c. 1640-1720) emigrated to the Netherlands in 1666, and he was active in Brussels. He had three sons who became painters, Karl Wilhelm de Hamilton, called 'Thistle-Hamilton' (c. 1668-1754), Philipp Ferdinand de Hamilton, and Johann Georg de Hamilton. Although born in Brussels, the three Hamilton sons spent their careers as court painters in central Europe, where they specialized in animal and still-life pictures. The same subjects were also painted by Franz de Hamilton (before 1650-after 1695), presumably a relative.