Construction and decoration of Orvieto Cathedral
by Lorenzo MAITANI

The works for the construction of Orvieto Cathedral lasted about three centuries. On November 13, 1290 Pope Nicholas IV laid solemnly the first stone of the Church. The first architect was probably Arnolfo di Cambio. It seems, however, that the first builder was Fra' Bevignate of Perugia, who built the nave and the two aisles. The works were carried on by a local builder, a certain Giovanni Uguccione, who followed the Gothic style in the transept and apse. The main structures of the Cathedral, however, were so unstable that it was necessary to ask for the advice of an expert, namely the Sienese architect and sculptor Lorenzo Maitani who became the "universalis caput magister" of the Cathedral at Orvieto in 1310.

Later Maitani also supervised the sculpture of the lower fašade, although he is recorded as executing only one of the four large bronze symbols of the Evangelists, the eagle of John. The four massive piers of the fašade, richly decorated in low relief, are also believed to have been executed under his supervision. The lower part of the fašade was complete by 1330 but some of the upper areas were not completed until the mid-fifteenth century. The mosaics had been restored many times.

Preview Picture Data Info
View of the Cathedral
1310-30
Photo
Duomo, Orvieto


Fašade of the Cathedral
1310-30
Stone, bronze sculpture, mosaics
Duomo, Orvieto


Fašade of the Cathedral
1310-30
Stone, bronze sculpture, mosaics
Duomo, Orvieto


Central portal of west fašade
1310-30
Stone, bronze sculpture, mosaics
Duomo, Orvieto


Interior view
founded 1290
Photo
Duomo, Orvieto


Interior view
founded 1290
Photo
Duomo, Orvieto


Interior view
founded 1290
Photo
Duomo, Orvieto


Interior view
founded 1290
Photo
Duomo, Orvieto


Virgin and Child
1320s
Marble and bronze
Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Orvieto


Virgin and Child (copy)
1320s
Marble and bronze
Duomo, Orvieto


Virgin and Child (copy)
1320s
Marble and bronze
Duomo, Orvieto


The Eagle: Symbol of St John
1325-30
Bronze
Duomo, Orvieto


The Angel: Symbol of St Matthew
1325-30
Bronze
Duomo, Orvieto


The Winged Bull: Symbol of St Luke
1325-30
Bronze
Duomo, Orvieto


The Lion: Symbol of St Mark
1325-30
Bronze
Duomo, Orvieto


Symbols of the Evangelists
1325-30
Bronze
Duomo, Orvieto



Works by Lorenzo MAITANI
Construction and decoration of Orvieto Cathedral
Reliefs on the fašade of Orvieto Cathedral



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