(active in 1410s in the Upper Rhineland)

The Garden of Eden (detail)

c. 1410
Tempera on wood
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt

Mary appears in her usual colours, blue and red. Her attributes are illustrated by the flowers richly carpeting the foreground (lilies and lilies of the valley = purity; rose = illumination; violets = modesty and humility) . These flowers, which were also used for medicinal purposes, frequently became connected with the person of the Madonna. In a fourteenth-century poem from the Netherlands, surviving in manuscript form, twelve different flowers refer to Mary, eight of which can be found in this painting.

© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.