UNKNOWN MASTER, German
(active 1100-1125)

Descent from the Cross

c. 1115
Relief on rock, 549 cm x 320 cm
Externsteine near Horn

This unusual Romanesque relief, a monumental free-standing sculpture, in the Externsteine (Extern rocks) near Horn in East Westphalia is an ancient heathen ceremonial site. The Benedictine monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn gained the property rights in 1093, Abbot Gumpert wanted to build a hermitage there. It was decided to have an imitation of the religious sites in Jerusalem carved into the rocks here. There is a cave-like chapel behind the relief which was consecrated in 1115, and the relief was produced probably at the same time.




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