This painting is above the antechoir passageway in Sant'Andrea della Valle. It belongs to the scenes from the martyrdom of St Andrew painted by Mattia Preti on the choir walls. Originally Preti was also supposed to paint the smaller panels above the passages to the presbytery chapels. Because of a litigation, he never actually did so, and the two panels were ultimately executed by the Albani pupils Carlo Cignani and Emilio Taruffi. The scenes - St Andrew Condemned by Aegeus, and Arrival of the St Andrew Relic in Ancona - produced jointly by the two young Bolognese artists completed the cycle.