Les Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du Duc de Berry and the Turin-Milan Hours (1380-1420)
by French and Flemish illuminators

Paris had an organized book trade around its university from the thirteenth century and we must certainly ascribe to Paris many of the best-known Book of Hours of the period of Jean, Duc de Berry. The Très Belles Heures of the Duc the Berry was began about 1382, it is a Parisian manuscript illuminated by Flemish and French artists.

Les Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du Duc Jean de Berry was one of the first books of hours commissioned by Duc Jean de Berry (1340-1416), one of the four sons of King John II of France. Around 1412, the Duc the Berry passed on the book, only partly illuminated, to his treasurer Robinet d'Estampes, split it up and sold off the individual parts. As a result, two fragments came to be in the possession of the House of Bavaria-Holland, and it is thought that they were decorated in the style of Jan van Eyck. Later they were separated again, one going to Turin, the other to Milan. These parts of the manuscript, which was originally begun around 1380 as a commission for the Duc de Berry, are therefore known as the Turin-Milan Hours. However, the core of original manuscript - including the book of hours itself - remained in France and is known by the name that the whole work bore from the beginning in the Duke's inventories: Les Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du Duc de Berry.

Preview Picture Data Info
Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du Duc de Berry
c. 1380
Manuscript (Ms. nouv. acq. lat. 3093), 280 x 200 mm (each)
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris


Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du Duc de Berry
c. 1380
Manuscript (Ms. nouv. acq. lat. 3093), 280 c 200 mm
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris


Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du Duc de Berry
c. 1380
Manuscript (Ms. nouv. acq. lat. 3093), 280 c 200 mm
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris


Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du Duc de Berry
c. 1380
Manuscript (Ms. nouv. acq. lat. 3093)
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin


Turin-Milan Hours
c. 1420
Manuscript (Ms. 47), 284 x 203 mm
Biblioteca Nazionale Reale, Turin



Summary of illuminated manuscripts (miniatures)
Pre-Romanesque period
701-750 | 751-800 | 801-850 | 851-900 | 901-950 | 951-1000
Romanesque period
1001-1050 | 1051-1100 | 1101-1150
Early and High Gothic periods
1151-1200 | 1201-1250 | 1251-1300
Late Gothic and Renaissance periods
1301-1350 | 1351-1400 | 1401-1450 | 1451-1500 | 1501-1550
Book covers
Illuminations by known masters
List of illuminators



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