ARCHITECT, Italian
(active around 500 in Ravenna)

Exterior view

c. 500
Photo
Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna

Originally built as Theodoric's palace church and dedicated to the Saviour, it was rededicated to St Martin of Tours during the episcopate of Agnellus (556–69) and finally to St Apollinaris in the 9th century, probably after the saint's relics were translated there. It is a standard western basilica with a nave and two aisles, an apse, and arcaded colonnades. Other traditional Italian features of construction are the use of short, thick bricks for the walls and of terracotta tubes for the apse vault. Eastern features incorporated into this plan include the exterior polygon of the apse and the articulation of the outer walls with pilasters crossed by a brick band arched over the windows, the large numbers of which allow an even distribution of light in the nave and aisles. In the 10th century a campanile of circular plan was built next to the church's west portico.

View the ground plan of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna.




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