(active 966-980 in Cologne)

Exterior view

St. Pantaleon, Cologne

One of the most significant developments in the Carolingian period was the abandonment of the exclusively squat, earthbound nature of the extended early Christian basilicas in favour of the increased use of towers. The tower structure of the westwork was designed either as a means of highlighting a separate devotional space for an additional church patron, or as a part of the building attached to the church and reserved for the emperor.

The westwork as a structure influenced architecture well beyond the Carolingian period and underwent many modifications in form. The end of the tenth century saw the westwork of St. Pantaleon in Cologne with its group of three towers.

The photo shows the westwork.

View the ground plan of the church.

© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.