(active c. 1090 in North Rhine-Westphalia)

View of the westwork

Parish church of St. Boniface, Freckenhorst

A westwork (German: Westwerk) is the monumental, west-facing entrance section of a Carolingian, Ottonian, or Romanesque church. The exterior consists of multiple stories between two towers. The main function of the westwork was to draw attention to the emperor, even if he was not there in person. It embodied the power of the state and the ruler. The westwork church encompasses two distinct areas of significance within it: the actual church to the east dedicated to the saints, and the bulwark-like westwork, the place of the ruler, protector of the church.

The photo shows the westwork of the former collegiate church at Freckenhorst, completed in 1090. The group of three towers is quintessentially of Westphalian character.

© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.