ARCHITECT, Spanish
(active 12th century in Segovia)

Alcázar

12th century
Photo
Segovia, Castile

The Alcázar of Segovia (literally, Segovia Castle) is a castle, located in the old city of Segovia, Spain. Rising out on a rocky crag above the confluence of two rivers near the Guadarrama mountains, it is one of the most distinctive castle-palaces in Spain by virtue of its shape. The Alcázar was originally built as a fortress but has served as a royal palace, a state prison, a Royal Artillery College and a military academy since then. It is currently used as a museum and a military archives building.

Alfonso VIII (1155–1214) and his wife, Eleanor of England, made this Alcázar their principal residence and much work was carried out to erect the beginnings of the stone fortification we see today. Prior to Alfonso VIII's reign, it was no more than a wooden fort built over the old Roman foundations. The Alcázar, throughout the Middle Ages, remained one of the favourite residences of the monarchs of the Kingdom of Castile and a key fortress in the defence of the kingdom. The majority of the current building was constructed in this period.




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