(active after 1284 in Wales)

General view

after 1284
Castle, Caernarvon

The most splendid medieval English castles were built under Edward I (1272-1307) in Wales. The king had conquered the Celtic peninsula to the west of England in 1283 and wanted to secure his hold over it with a line of mighty castles along the north coast. These were aimed at displaying English strength and superiority to the rebellious Welsh.

Caernarvon Castle, situated right on the coast, is a perfect example of these castles. It has octagonal watch towers and its masonry is distinguished by narrow strips of red sandstone between light gray limestone.

© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.