ARCHITECT, German
(active 1510s in Augsburg)

Interior view

1509-18
Photo
Fugger Chapel, Church of St Anne, Augsburg

The burgeoning of Italian Renaissance architectural forms in Germany was even slower than in other northern European countries. Only by the middle of the 16th century was the Renaissance style manifestly important, generally in those regions in closest contact with Italy, such as southern Germany or the trade route along the Rhine River leading from the south to the Low Countries. The style lingered in Germany until about the middle of the 17th century. The few hints of classicism in Germany prior to the mid-16th century can be considered the early Renaissance phase. They were limited to minor architectural monuments, such as the Fugger Chapel in St. Anne's church at Augsburg (1509–18), which was the first Renaissance building in Germany, or they consisted of bits of Renaissance decoration attached to Gothic structures.

Although the names of the architect and decorators are undocumented, much of the sculptural decoration has been attributed to Sebastian Loscher (active 1510–1548) and Hans Daucher. The most notable works are the four marble reliefs against the western wall. Albrecht Dürer designed c. 1510 the central pair representing the Resurrection, with the shrouded corpse of Ulrich below, and, to the right, Samson and the Philistines, with the effigy of Georg. The outer pair honouring Jakob are more Italianate in their architectural features, possibly due to the involvement of Hans Burgkmair I, the leading painter in Augsburg. The sculptural decoration also included marble putti on the balustrade; the free-standing marble Lamentation. Jörg Breu the Elder painted the wings of the large and small organs, the former depicting the Ascension and the Assumption of the Virgin, the latter Allegories on the Invention of Music, that dominate the upper western wall. The splendour of the chapel is still evident despite the repeated removal of art from 1818 and the bomb damage of 1944.




© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.