ARCHITECT, German
(active 2nd half 16th century in Heidelberg)

Exterior view

1550-1610
Photo
Castle, Heidelberg

Nestled in the hill 100 metres above the city of Heidelberg stands the Heidelberg Schloss. The castle is a combination of several buildings surrounding an inner courtyard, put together with a haphazard look. Each building highlights a different period of German architecture.

The castle has a history almost as old as the city itself. The first parts of the castle were constructed around 1300, but it was not before Prince Elector Ruprecht III (1398-1410) that the castle was used as a regal residence.

During the reign of Ludwig V (1478-1544), it was extended with the addition of many fortified buildings plus the main gate. Elector Palatinate Ottheinrich (Otto-Heinrich, 1502-1559) added the grandiose Renaissance wing, the Ottheinrichsbau. Next followed Elector Palatinate Friedrich IV (1574-1610), who added Baroque elements to the palace, such as the Friedrichsbau.

The castle was destroyed at the end of the 17th century and partially restored in the 1890s and later. Only the Friedrichsbau, whose interiors were fire damaged, but not ruined, was completely restored. The ruined Ottheinrichsbau (Ottheinrich Building) has a façade with biblical and mythological figures created by Alexander Colyn in Renaissance style.

Presently, Heidelberg Castle is the most popular castle ruin in Germany.

The photo shows the inner courtyard.




© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.