Mosaics in Santa Costanza, Rome (4th century)

Santa Costanza is a 4th-century church in Rome on the Via Nomentana. It is a round building with well preserved original layout and mosaics. The building survives in its original form with an ambulatory surrounding a central dome. The mosaics decorating the vault of the ambulatory and the apses of the chapels off the ambulatory are important examples of Early Christian art. The mosaic decoration in the dome no longer survives.

The late 4th-century mosaics in the apses of the chapels off the ambulatory represent the Christian subject of "Traditio Legis" (Christ giving the Law to St Paul) and "Traditio Clavium" (Christ giving the keys to St Peter. The motifs of the decoration on the vault of the ambulatory are similar to those in Late Roman profane mosaics.

Preview Picture Data File Info Comment
View of the ambulatory
354-60
Photo
Santa Costanza, Rome

1002*1100
True Color
246 Kb



Traditio Legis
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1300*867
True Color
244 Kb



Traditio Legis (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

776*950
True Color
251 Kb



Traditio Clavium
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1000*667
True Color
160 Kb



Traditio Clavium
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1100*733
True Color
248 Kb



Traditio Clavium
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1000*874
True Color
135 Kb



Mosaic decoration
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1000*904
True Color
169 Kb



Traditio Clavium (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

950*712
True Color
252 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

750*1000
True Color
254 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1000*750
True Color
166 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1200*599
True Color
231 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1000*672
True Color
232 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

790*850
True Color
242 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

629*950
True Color
245 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

850*780
True Color
237 Kb



Vault decoration (detail)
4th century
Mosaic
Santa Costanza, Rome

1000*750
True Color
149 Kb