MEDIEVAL SCULPTOR, Catalan
(active 1125-1150 in Ripoll)

West portal

1140s
Stone
Abbey Church of Santa María, Ripoll

An antique device adopted by Romanesque sculptors was the triumphal arch. The associations of imperial power and victory attached to this architectural form are grafted on to a Christian theme. An important example of its use is the imposing entrance portal added in the middle of the twelfth century to the early eleventh-century church of the famous abbey of Santa María de Ripoll in the foothills of the eastern Pyrenées.