Lluís Dalmau
(active 1428–1461)

Spanish painter. The earliest reference to him is in 1428 when he is called "painter of the city of Valencia" and mentioned as being in the service of Alfonso V, King of Aragon. Dalmau remained in Alfonso's service for at least nine years, at times serving in a diplomatic capacity: he was sent to Castile in 1428 and in 1431 to the south Netherlands, although the duration and purpose of the latter visit are unknown. No works done for the King are known, and the only royal payment made to him was for some minor architectural work.

Between 1436 and 1438, Dalmau had returned to Valencia, where he executed a number of painting tasks, all minor in nature. Some time between 1438 and 1443, Dalmau had moved to Barcelona, where he apparently spent the rest of his career as a panel painter for various churches in and around the city. His most famous work was the Virgin of the Councillors (Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona). It depicts Barcelona's city council of 1443, the Virgin and Child with Sts Andrew and Eulalia, and music-making angels. It echoes two works by Jan van Eyck, the Ghent Altarpiece (Cathedral of St Bavo, Ghent) and the Madonna of the Canon van der Paele (Groeninge Museum, Bruges), both painted nearly a decade earlier or possibly in progress during the period when Dalmau visited the Netherlands. The strong Eyckian motifs may have been included at the behest of the patrons, and the technique is certainly that of Flemish oil glazing. More typical of local styles and traditions is the centre panel of Dalmau's only other surviving work, the retable of St Baudelius (Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona) of 1448. This and two panels from the same altarpiece (now in private collections) may be more typical of his style, given the nature of his altarpiece commissions in Barcelona.