NORDSTRÖM, Karl Fredrik
(b. 1855, Stenkyrka, Västra Götalan, d. 1923, Drottningholm)
Swedish painter. Between 1875 and 1878 Nordström studied at the Royal Academy of Arts in Stockholm and the private painting school of Edvard Perseus (1841-1890). Traveling to Paris in 1881, he was influenced by the Impressionists. From 1882 to 1886 he lived in Grèz-sur-Loing, a centre of Impressionist plein-air painting south-east of Paris, the site of an important colony of Scandinavian artists. Here he met Larsson and Krohg. At first he was influenced by the Barbizon school and Bastien-Lepage, then turned to Impressionism.
In 1885, he joined the group of young artists protesting against the policies and leadership of the Academy, and he was ever since 1886 one of the leading members of Konstnärsförbundet, the formalization of the opposition group. He was its chairman from 1896 until its dissolution in 1920.
In 1886, he married xylographer and photographer Tekla Lindeström in Paris. Later the same year, he returned to Scandinavia and painted Swedish winter landscapes. One of Nordström's old friends from the time at the Academy and in Perseus' school, Nils Kreuger, had lived in the city of Varberg since 1888. He convinced Nordström to move there in 1892, and they were joined by another of their old friends, Richard Bergh, in 1893. He renewed his acquaintance with the work of Gauguin in Copenhagen in 1892, and with works by van Gogh, exhibited there the next year. His landscapes from Varberg and the Halland countryside were often characterized by the warm sunlight of dawn or dusk or the light Nordic summer nights and a progressively more synthetist style.
In 1893-95, in Varberg, he founded with Bergh and Kreuger the Varberg school, an association of Swedish Symbolists. From 1910 his palette brightened and he turned increasingly to drawing.