Landscapes
by Pieter BRUEGEL the Elder

It was not until the sixteenth century that the history of landscape painting really began. It had played a subordinate role in Christian painting towards the end of the Middle Ages; the subject of importance for mediaeval times was not so much one's visible surroundings as Heaven and Hell, and how one arrived at the one or the other. Not until one or two generations before Bruegel did people discover the attractive sight and aesthetic pleasure that a landscape could offer. The first master of landscapes is generally acknowledged to be Joachim Patenier.

Patenier used an elevated vantage-point to fit a broad area of land into his picture. It is only from above that one's gaze can pass over houses, trees, hills. Bruegel imitated him in this, almost all of his landscapes depicting the view from a mountain or some otherwise undefined height. Bruegel occupies an important position in the history of landscape painting on account of his ability to convey to the observer the transformation of nature in the course of the seasons.

Preview Picture Data Info
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
c. 1555
Oil on canvas, mounted on wood, 73,5 x 112 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
c. 1555
Oil on canvas, mounted on wood, 74 x 112 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Landscape with the Fall of Icarus (detail)
c. 1555
Oil on canvas, mounted on wood
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Landscape with the Fall of Icarus (detail)
c. 1555
Oil on canvas, mounted on wood
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


The Suicide of Saul
1562
Oil on panel, 34 x 55 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Suicide of Saul (detail)
1562
Oil on panel, width of detail 27 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Suicide of Saul (detail)
1562
Oil on panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Suicide of Saul (detail)
1562
Oil on panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Conversion of Saul
1567
Oil on panel, 108 x 156 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Conversion of Saul (detail)
1567
Oil on panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Conversion of Saul (detail)
1567
Oil on panel, width of detail 78 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


The Conversion of Saul (detail)
1567
Oil on panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


Winter Landscape with Skaters and Bird Trap
1565
Oil on panel, 37 x 55,5 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Winter Landscape with Skaters and a Bird Trap (detail)
1565
Oil on panel
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Winter Landscape with Skaters and a Bird Trap (detail)
1565
Oil on panel, width of detail 21 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Magpie on the Gallow
1568
Oil on oak panel, 46 x 51 cm
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt


Magpie on the Gallow (detail)
1568
Oil on oak panel
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt


Magpie on the Gallow (detail)
1568
Oil on oak panel
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt


The Temptation of St Anthony
1557
Oil on canvas, 59 x 86 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington


Landscape with the Parable of the Sower
1557
Oil on panel, 70 x 102 cm
Timken Art Gallery, San Diego


Landscape with the Flight into Egypt
1563
Oil on canvas, 37 x 56 cm
Courtauld Gallery, London


Storm at Sea
1568
Oil on panel, 71 x 97 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna



Summary of works by Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Paintings
Landscapes | Children's games | Proverbs
Village life | Demons and devils | Tower of Babel
Series of Months | Religious themes | St John the Baptist
Peasant life | Large figures | Miscellaneous
Graphics



© Web Gallery of Art, created by Emil Krén and Daniel Marx.